J. R. R. Tolkien

J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973)

British

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE FRSL(3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973), known by his pen name J. R. R. Tolkien, was an English writer, poet,philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow ofPembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959.He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972.

After Tolkien's death, his son Christopherpublished a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion.

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