Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton (1643-1727)

British

Isaac Newton (January 4, 1643 G G -31 March 1727, or December 25, 1642 J J -20 March 1727) is a philosopher, mathematician, physicist, alchemist, astronomer and English theologian, puisbritannique. Emblematic of Sciences, he is best known for founding the classical mechanics, for his theory of universal gravitation and the creation in competition with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the calculus. In optics, he developed a theory of color based on the observation that a prismedécompose white light into a visible spectrum. He also invented the reflecting telescope consists of a mirror primaireconcave called Newton telescope.

In mechanics, he established the three universal laws of motion which are actually the principles at the base of the great Newton's theory about the movement of bodies, a theory that today is called "Newtonian mechanics" or "mechanical classic. "

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